For further reading and discussion...

Nancy Tomes, The Art of Asylum-Keeping
Roy Porter (editor), The Faber Book of Madness
Gaston Bachelard, The Poetics of Space
Gustav Radbruch, The Philosophy of Confinement (essay)
Michel Foucault, Madness and Civilization
                           Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison
Paul Auster, The Invention of Solitude
Joseph P. Morrissey, Howard H Goldman, and Lorraine V. Klerman, Cycles of Institutional Reform
Lunt, Behind the Bars
Phyllis Chesler, Women and Madness
Michael Glenn (editor), Voices From the Asylum
Charlotte Perkins Gilman, The Yellow Wallpaper (short story)
Sylvia Plath, Johnny Panic and the Bible of Dreams (short story)
Anonymous, Labeling Someone Mentally Ill (a case study)
R.D. Laing, The Politics of Experience
                   The Divided Self
Thomas Scheff, Labeling Theory (article)
David Rosenhan, On Being Sane in Insane Places (article)
Allan Wheelis, The League of Death (short story)
Peter Sedgwick, Psycho Politics: Laing, Foucault, Goffman, Szasz, and the Future of Mass Psychiatry
Andrew T. Scull, Madness and Segregative Control: The Rise of the Insane Asylum
David Rothman, The Enduring Asylum
Gerald Grob, Mental Institutions in America: Social Policy to 1875
                      Mental Illness and American Society 1875-1940
                      From Asylum to Community: Mental Health Policy in Modern America
Phil Brown, The Transfer of Care: Psychiatric Deinstitutionalization and its Aftermath
Frederick L. Covan, with Carol Kahn, Crazy All the Time
Susan Sheehan, Is There No Place on Earth for Me?
Irwin Silverman, Pure Types are Rare
Seth Farber, Madness, Heresy, and the Rumor of Angels
Frederick Exley, A Fan's Notes
Lisa Berger and Alexander Vuckovic, Under Observation
Jay Neugeboren, Imagining Robert
                          Transforming Madness
Nita Lindenberg, Strangers to Themselves
Daniel Paul Schreber, Memoirs of my Nervous Illness
Edgar Allan Poe, The System of Dr. Tarr and Professor Fether (short story)
Anton Chekhov, Ward No. 6 (short story)
Erving Goffman, Asylums
Judi Chamberlin, Inside the Mental Patients' Association (article)
Raymond M. Weinstein, The Mental Hospital from the Patients' Point of View (article)
Elizabeth Ettorre and Elianne Riska, Gendered Moods: Psychotropics and Society
David Mechanic and David Rochefort, Deinstitutionalization: An Appraisal of Reform (article)
Theodore Marmor and Karyn Gill, The Political and Economic Context of Mental Health Care in the United States (article)
William Gronfein, Psychotropic Drugs and the Origins of Deinstitutionalization (article)
Leslie Scallet, Paying for Public Mental Health Care (article)
Carl A. Taube, Medicaid Coverage for Mental Illness: Balancing Access and Costs (article)
Robert Dorwart, Managed Mental Health Care: Myths and Realities in the 1990's (article)
Arthur Kleinman, Rethinking Psychiatry
Elizabeth Cooksey and Phil Brown, Spinning on its Axes: DSM and the Social Construction of Psychiatric Diagnoses (article)
Kay Jamison, Touched with fire: Manic-Depressive Illness and the Artistic Temperament
Meyer Shapiro, Van Gogh's "Crows over a Wheatfield"
Ellen Winner, Invented Worlds
John McGregor, The Discovery of the Art of the Insane
Tennessee Williams, Suddenly Last Summer (play)
Peter Schaffer, Equus (play)
F. L. Wright, Jr., Out of Sight, Out of Mind
Mary Jane Ward, The Snake Pit (also a movie)
Emily Coleman, The Shutter of Snow
Henry C. Brown, A Mind Mislaid
Jane Hillyer, Reluctantly Told
An Inmate of Ward 8, Behind the Door of Delusion
Marion King, Recovery of Myself
Elsa Krauch, A Mind Restored
S.W. and J.T. Pierce, The Layman looks at Doctors
Harold Maine, If a Man be Mad
Ellen Philtine, They Walk in Darkness
Nelly Bly, Ten Days in a Madhouse
John Huston, Let there be Light (movie)

This website is part of an ongoing effort by Anna Schuleit / to document the historic state hospitals and state schools of Massachusetts. Unless otherwise stated all historical data was researched at the Massachusetts State Archives, and all photographs were taken on-site. For further questions, comments, or contributions please contact us by email.

Copyright 2000-2008 by Anna Schuleit /